The FACT system

VanLehn, K., Burkhardt, H., Cheema, S., Kang, S., Pead, D., Schoenfeld, A. H., & Wetzel, J. (2019). Can an orchestration system increase collaborative, productive struggle in teaching-by-eliciting classrooms? Interactive Learning Environments. currently online only, [pdf]
doi: 10.1080/10494820.2019.1616567

VanLehn, K., Cheema, S., Kang, S., & Wetzel, J. (2019). Auto-sending messages in an intelligent orchestration system: A pilot study. In S. Isotani, E. Millán, A. Ogan, P. Hastings, B. McLaren, & R. Luckin (Eds.), International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (pp. 292-297). Switzerland: Springer. [pdf]
doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-23207-8_54

VanLehn, K., Burkhardt, H., Cheema, S., Pead, D., Schoenfeld, A. H., & Wetzel, J. (2019). How can FACT encourage collaboration and self-correction? In K. Millis, D. Long, J. Magliano, & K. Wiemer (Eds.), Deep comprehension: Multi-disciplinary approaches to understanding, enhancing and measuring comprehension (pp. 114-127). New York, NY: Routledge. [pdf of proof]

Wetzel, J., Burkhardt, H., Cheema, S., Kang, S., Pead, D., Schoenfeld, A. H., & VanLehn, K. (2018). A preliminary evaluation of the usability of an AI-infused orchestration system. In C. Rose, R. Martinez-Maldonado, U. Hoppe, R. Luckin, M. Mavrikis, K. Porayska-Pomsta, B. McLaren, & B. du Boulay (Eds.), < i>Artificial Intelligence in Education: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference, (pp. 378-383). Berlin: Springer. [pdf]
doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-93846-2_71

Salman Cheema, Kurt VanLehn, Hugh Burkhardt, Daniel Pead, and Alan Schoenfeld. Electronic (2016) Posters to Support Formative Assessment. (2016) In Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pages 1159-1164. [pdf | poster]

VanLehn, K., Cheema, S., Wetzel, J. Z & Pead, D. (2016). Some less obvious features of classroom orchestration systems   In L. Lin & R. Atkinson (Eds), Educational Technologies: Challenges, Applications and Learning Outcomes. pp. 73-94. Nova Scientific Publishers. [pdf of final draft]

VanLehn, K. (2014).   FACT:  Helping teachers develop complex mathematical thinking and practices in their classrooms.  [pdf]


Collaboration detection

Shahrokhian, B., Sivaraman, A., & VanLehn, K. (2020). Toward an Automatic Speech Classifier for the Teacher. In I. I. Bittencourt, M. Cukurova, K. Muldner, R. Luckin, & E. Millan (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence in Education, 21st International Conference, AIED 2020. Switzerland: Springer Nature.
doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-52240-7_51

Viswanathan, S. A., & VanLehn, K. (2019). Collaboration detection that preserves privacy of students’ speech. In Proceedings of Artificial Intelligence in Education. (pp. 507-517) [pdf]
doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-23204-7_42

Viswanathan, S. A., & VanLehn, K. (2019). Detection of collaboration: Relationship between log and speech-based classification. In S. Isotani, E. Millan, A. Ogan, P. Hastings, B. McLaren, & R. Luckin (Eds.), International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (pp. 327-331). Berlin: Springer. [pdf]
doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-23207-8_60

Viswanathan, S. & VanLehn, K.. (2018). Using the tablet gestures and speech of pairs of students to classify their collaboration   IEEE Transactions on Learning Technology, 11 (2), 230-242.  [pdf]
doi: 10.1109/TLT.2017.2704099


Background research on intelligent tutoring systems
VanLehn, K. (2011) The relative effectiveness of human tutoring, intelligent tutoring systems and other tutoring systems. Educational Psychologist, 46, 4, 197-221. [pdf]

VanLehn, K. (2006) The behavior of tutoring systems. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 16, 3, 227-265. [abstract and pdf]

Background research on formative assessment
Black, P. and William, D. (1998) Assessment and classroom learning, Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 5, 1, 7-75. [pdf]